Thursday, 17 November 2011

Fazal Ali Commission for Telangana

Sir ’’Sayyid Fazl Ali’’, also known as Fazal Ali (September 19, 1886 - August 22, 1959) was governor of Assam and Orissa and a judge . He was knighted by the British government in 1941. He headed the Fazal Ali Commission that made recommendations about the reorganization of India's states . He was governor of Orissa from 1952 to 1956 and of Assam from 1956 to 1959. He died while serving as governor of Assam. He was also bestowed with Padma Vibhushan by the Indian Government. While in Assam, he was the first man to bring the Naga's into the mainstream. He opened a college in the Naga heartland Mokokochung, which is now known as 'Sir Fazal Ali College of Arts'. The College celebrated its 50 years anniversary in 2010. He belonged to an Aristocratic and Zamindari family of Bihar.
His eldest son Late Syed Murtaza Fazal Ali followed in his footsteps. He became judge at the age of only 35, of the J&K High Court, in 1958, and was elevated as the Chief Justice of the same court in 1966. He was elevated as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India (like his father 'Sir Fazal Ali') in 1975. He expired in 1985 as a sitting judge.His son Syed Faiz Murtaza Ali joined the private sector, and went on to become the 'President' of the giant woollen textile Mill conglomerate Raymond Woollen Mills Ltd. He too is recipient of several corporate and other awards including international award. He now resides and looks after his tea estate (Zen Tea Estate) in Palampur (HP). His daughter Seher Ali has gone back to the old tradition of the family. She is a currently a leading upcoming Corporate lawyer.

First SRC(State Reorganisation Commission) :

In order to reorganise the states of the Indian Union on the basis of language, under the chairmanship of Fazl Ali, a commission called State Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was appointed by the Central Government and it submitted its report. On 10 October 1955, the Commission’s Report was published. The Commission gave more importance to the Southern States. As far as Travancore- Cochin State was concerned, TTNC demanded to merge Thovalai, Agasteeswaram, Kalkulam, Vilavancode, Neyyatinkarai, Senkottai. Deviculam, Peermade and Chittoor taluks with Madras State. But the Commission recommended to merge only Thovalai, Agasteeswaram, Kalkulam,Vilvancode and Shenkottai with Madras State. Considering the economic loss to the Travancore-Cochin State the Commission did not favour the merger of the hilly districts, Deviculam and Peermade with Madras State. In Neyyatinkarai Taluk the Commission found that 86 per cent of the people knew Malayalam. So the Commission did not favour the merger of this Taluk with Madras State. In Chittoor also the commission found that the majority people spoke Malayalam and hence it was merged with Malabar and consequently with the newly formed Kerala State.

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